CLIMATE CHANGE ADAPTATION STRATEGIES FOR FOOD CROP PRODUCER CO-OPERATIVES IN SUB-SAHARAN AFRICA FOR SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
The paper focused on climate change trend and adaptation strategies to enhance producer co-operatives food crop production enterprises in Africa. The objective of the paper is to explore adaptation strategies or options for food crop producer cooperatives in Sub-Saharan Africa. The work was based on the traditional framework of utility theory and the theory of production. Climate change has adversely affected land, soil and water resources in Africa. It has also impacted on livestock, healthcare and humans. It is reducing individual and corporate capital. Specifically, climate change has affected pasture/ rangeland, forest, fisheries, sea levels, food security and income. Desert encroachment and flooding are gradually creating a new pattern of seasonal migration. Extreme temperatures and heat waves are negatively impacting on humans and health care. Reduced precipitation and high temperature are posing a threat to food crop production enterprise and if unchecked may, in the near future, cause imminent hunger and civil unrest. Producer co-operatives should weigh the options of adjustment of planting dates and crop varieties; crop relocation; improved land management such as erosion control and soil protection through tree planting; against their current practices. Another area to be considered by the co-operatives are water storage and conservation technologies; water re-use or recycling and irrigation efficiency. Good corporate governance can also add value to climate change adaptation strategies. In this instance, seawalls and storm surge barriers can be created by governments against sea level rise and flooding. It was suggested that actions that promote awareness for the altered conditions under climate change should be geared up. The paper concluded that awareness campaigns could address groups of stakeholders and the general public in different countries and geopolitical zones affected by a particular climate threat.
|Keywords: Climate Change, Adaptation Strategies, Co-Operatives, Africa|
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