DEMAND RESPONSIVE APPROACH AND ITS SIGNIFICANCE FOR SUSTAINABLE MANAGEMENT OF WATER FACILITIES IN THE SHAI OSUDOKU DISTRICT
Demand Responsive Approach (DRA) was adopted in Ghana as a national policy for rural water delivery as an attempt, within a decentralized programme to improve the efficiency of service supply and also to make users take key decisions about the service they want and are willing and able to pay for. The idea behind DRA is that, it ensures transparency and accountability and in the long term achieves sustainability since beneficiaries feel a sense of ownership towards the project. Data was collected for the study with the use of a purposive sampling method from two hundred (200) households in four (4) communities in the district. An additional two (2) focus group discussions and 12 key informant interviews were added in the data collection to beef up the analysis in the Shai-Osudoku District of Ghana. The study identified that financial management which is crucial for the continuous functioning of the water facilities is a major setback. DRA does not address equity concerns thereby marginalizing the poor within the community. The study recommends periodic financial management training to beneficiary communities for assured sustainability and also makes provision for the economically deprived.
|Keywords: DRA, Rural Water, Sustainable Management.|
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