DETERMINANTS OF SUPERIOR- SUBORDINATE RELATIONSHIP IN LISTED DISTRIBUTION COMPANIES IN GHANA
The study investigated into determinants of superior-subordinate relationship in Unilever (Ghana) Limited and Fan Milk (Ghana) Limited across the ten regional capitals in Ghana.This study is releant in that it brings to bear relative impact of job characteristic factors combined with superior and subordinate personality trait factors. No current study have considered these three factors together in one study; hence the relevance of this study, especially in Ghana. The independent variables were big five superior’ personality traits, job characteristics and subordinate characteristics. Structured questionnaire was administered to 318 permanent staffs through e-mail. SPSS (version 16.0) was used for analysis and the questionnaire was reliable and multicollinearity problem was absent. The study found conscientiousness, extraversion and agreeableness traits to havehad significant impact on the superior-subordinate relationship, but the other traits had no significant impact. Among the job characteristics, task variety and dealing with superior significantly improved superior-subordinate relationship and the remaining had no significant impact. Subordinate’s need for achievement had significant positive impact but his need for autonomy had significant negative impact on superior-subordinate relationship. The study recommends encouragement of superiors to exhibit conscientious, extravert and agreeable character at workplaces and smaller teams encouraged with assigned task to achieve.
|Keywords: Superior-Subordinate Relationship, Superior’s Personality, Job Characteristics and Subordinate’s Characteristics|
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